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Four popular types of chip electronics

Four popular types of chip electronics

How familiar are you with the functions of electronic components? These devices process information in the form of electric signals, designed to build electrical and electronic circuits. They are classified into active and passive in accordance with their functionality.

Some of the most popular devices include capacitors, resistors, tantalums, ferrite beads, etc. There is a multitude of distributors of chip electronics, supplying zero-defect products to customers.

Learn more about the design and function of each electronic component in detail.

Capacitors

Capacitors are classified as passive electronic components used for building various electronic circuits. The role of this component is to store energy and then deliver it to the circuit when necessary. It functions in a similar way as a rechargeable battery by storing electricity, but the only difference is in the speed of charges and discharges.

While capacitors are available in different sizes and shapes, they are built from the same components. They contain two plates with an insulator placed between them. These plates are made of conducting material in the form of aluminum foil or thin metal foil. When voltage is applied over these plates, an electric field is developed over the insulator.

One plate accumulates a positive charge, whereas the other accumulates a negative charge. Even if you disconnect the capacitor from the source, it would still hold the charge. Capacitance refers to the energy amount stored inside a capacitor. Higher capacitance results in higher energy storage. It can be increased by moving the plates closer to each other or by improving the insulation properties.

Capacitors are capable of performing different functions within a circuit, such as enabling alternating current to pass by blocking direct current. These components are also used to provide voltage stabilization and power factor correction. Click here to learn more about how capacitors work.

When using a microcontroller in circuits, it’s essential for power not to drop, as it’ll result in resetting the controller. Therefore, a capacitor is used to provide the microcontroller with the required power to prevent a restart. These electronic components also have timer applications when used in time-dependent circuits.

Resistor

Another passive electronic component is the resistor, whose role is to resist the current flow. Even though it’s the simplest device in electronic circuits, the resistor is essential for their function. These parts are made of carbon film or a spiral pattern. Carbon film variants are suitable for circuits of low power due to their lack of precision.

There are wire terminals on both ends of a resistor. Since the current flows through the circuit in no specific direction, you shouldn’t be concerned about the direction in which you’ll attach them. Besides consuming power, resistors perform another crucial function of voltage and current control within a circuit. They have a variety of applications, but some of them are more important than others.

For instance, the three most popular applications include current flow management, dividing voltage, and building resistor-capacitator networks. Resistors have the capacity to limit the flow of current, as in their absence, the current flows at incredibly high levels. In such cases, there’s a risk for the other components to overheat and get damaged.

Let’s imagine you connect a LED light straight to a battery. Although the light will work perfectly, after a while, it will heat up and burn. Nevertheless, by introducing a resistor within the circuit, the flow of the current will be reduced, and the LED won’t overheat. Follow this link, https://www.explainthatstuff.com/resistors.html, to learn more about resistance and the function of resistors.

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Voltage reduction is another application of resistors, as these components can reduce voltage to the required level. Usually, microcontrollers require lower voltage when compared to the rest of the circuit, which is when a resistor is indispensable.

Additionally, resistors are used along with capacitors to build a resistor-capacitator network within a chip. They are applied to reduce the electromagnetic interference in computer inputs and outputs, LANs, and WANs.

Four popular types of chip electronics

Tantalums

Tantalum capacitors are made of tantalum, which is a highly corrosion-resistant metal. These are available in different anode structures, which results in a classification foil tantalum and tantalum powder capacitors. The latter can be further divided into components with solid electrolyte and non-solid electrolyte.

When compared to aluminum capacitors, those made of tantalum come with their own advantages. For example, they are smaller in size but still provide better capacitance per unit of volume. Their temperature range starts at -50 ˚C and goes up to 100˚C. Even though the temperature range of their aluminum variants is virtually the same, tantalum capacitators provide superior electrical performance.

In addition, the oxide film medium used in these components provides corrosion resistance, a long lifespan, and high insulation resistance. When operating frequency is high, capacitors usually demonstrate a decrease in capacitance. Nevertheless, those made of tantalum have the capacity to work at frequencies above 50 kHz while demonstrating a small drop in capacitance.

Ferrite beads

Ferrite beads are another type of passive electronic component whose function resembles that of an inductor. They have the potential to suppress signals of high frequency on power supply lines. Many people consider them to be standard inductors, but their function is more complex. When they are placed on power lines that connect to an electronic device, ferrite beads eliminate the power connection noise.

Nevertheless, when using ferrite beads, individuals should be cautious about the issues that these components may create in the circuit, such as a drop of voltage or heat dissipation. In the past, when high-power circuits were used, voltage drops weren’t a cause of concern, which isn’t the case today. Therefore, ferrite beads should be strategically placed where they won’t induce voltage drop problems.

Heat dissipation occurs because ferrite beads dissipate the energy they absorb as heat. This isn’t a major problem, but you should definitely give it some thought.

A final note

Make sure you find a reliable distributor of such devices to provide you with high-quality components.

Quality is your number one priority!

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To add to this article or start a conversation, join our forum to share your opinions with other readers. For stories of this sort and more, do well to log on to www.jbklutse.com or visit us on Facebook.

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