What is skin cancer? 

Skin cancer – the unusual development of skin cells – often develops on skin exposed to the sun. In any case, this cancer can also occur in areas of your skin that are normally not exposed to daylight.
There are three significant skin cancer types – basal cell carcinoma, squamous carcinoma cell, and melanoma.
You can reduce your risk of skin cancer by limiting or preventing the introduction of bright (UV) radiation. Examining your skin for dubious changes will help you distinguish skin cancer at the most punctual stages. The early detection of skin cancer offers you the best opportunity for fruitful skin cancer therapy. In this article, we talk to a cosmetic dermatologist in Singapore and summarize everything you need to know about skin cancers.

Basal cell carcinoma 

Basal cell carcinoma starts in basal cells – a cell in the skin that makes new skin cells when old ones go away.
Basal cell carcinoma often shows up as a slight, direct bump on the skin but can take on different structures. Basal cell carcinoma occurs regularly in areas of the skin exposed to the sun, e.g., head and neck.
It is believed that most basal cell carcinomas are caused by long-distance exposure to bright UV from daylight. Staying out of the sun and using sunscreen can protect you against basal cell carcinoma.

Squamous carcinoma cell 

Squamous carcinoma cell of the skin is a typical type of skin cancer that develops in the squamous cells that make up the centre and outer layers of the skin.
Squamous carcinoma cells of the skin is generally not dangerous, but it does tend to be powerful. Untreated squamous carcinoma cells of the skin can develop enormously or spread to different parts of the body, causing real discomfort.
Most skin squamous carcinoma cells result from delayed exposure to bright (UV) radiation, either from daylight or from sunbeds or lights. Maintaining a strategic distance from UV light reduces the risk of squamous cell carcinomas of the skin and various skin cancers.
Squamous cells carcinoma is found in numerous places in your body, and squamous cell carcinomas can appear anywhere that squamous cells are found.

Melanoma 

Melanoma, the most serious kind of skin cancer, appears in the cells (melanocytes), producing melanin – the cells that give your skin its tone.
The exact reason for all melanomas is not clear. However, the introduction of bright (UV) radiation from daylight or tanning lights also increases the risk of producing melanomas. Limiting your exposure to UV  radiation can help reduce your risk of melanoma.
The risk of melanoma increases in those above 40, especially women. Knowing the admonishing indications of skin cancer can help identify and treat cancerous changes before cancer has spread. Melanoma can be treated effectively if it is detected early.

Risk factors for skin cancer 

Some of the elements that can increase your risk of skin cancer include:

  • Fair skin. If you have less melanin in your skin, you are less likely to be harmed by UV radiation. If you have light or red hair, lightly shaded eyes, and spots or burns from the sun, you are more susceptible to melanoma than someone with a darker appearance.
  • A history of sunburn. Having at least one extreme, blistering sunburn can increase the risk of melanoma.
  • Excessive exposure to bright (UV) light. Exposure to UV rays from the sun, sunlight, and beds can increase your skin cancer risk, including melanoma.
  • Live closer to the equator or at a higher altitude. People who live closer to the earth’s equator, where the sun’s rays are more direct, experience higher UV radiation levels than people who live further north or south.
  • Have numerous or unusual moles. Having more than 50 common moles on your body puts you at increased risk of melanoma. Also, a surprising type of mole increases the risk of melanoma. Medically known as dysplastic nevi, these are generally larger than common birthmarks and have unpredictable outlines and a combination of tones.
  • Family background of melanoma. If a close family member – such as a parent, adolescent, or relative – has melanoma, you have a more high risk to develop melanoma too.
  • Weakened immunity. People with weakened resistant scaffolds are at increased risk of melanoma and other skin cancers. Your immunity can be compromised by the possibility of taking medication to suppress the immune system, for example, after an organ change.

Prevention 

You can reduce your risk of skin cancer if you:

  • Maintain a strategic distance from the sun during the day.
  • Avoid the sun and tan burns that damage skin and increase skin cancer risk. Long-term exposure to the sun can also cause skin cancer.
  • Wear sunscreen all year round, even on rainy or cloudy days. Apply it like clockwork – or more frequently if you swim or sweat.
  • Wear protective clothing.
  • Try not use to tanning lights and beds. Tanning light and also beds emit these UV rays and may increase the risk of skin cancer.
  • Familiarize yourself with your skin so you can see changes. Check your skin regularly for new skin developments or changes in existing moles, spots, bumps, and pigmentation. Check the face, neck, ears, and scalp with the help of mirrors.

Skin cancer screening 

Skin cancer, if detected early, can be effectively treated with a medical procedure. Skin cancer screening  (also known as a full-body mole check) is then beneficial. In skin cancer screening, there is a risk for every patient as determined by skin type, ethnicity, clinical history, family ancestry, occupation, and history of recreational sun presentations. An accomplished dermatologist will examine and examine every final piece of your skin essentially, regardless of any private and sensitive area. Dermoscopy is employed and is a  priceless device in helping the dermatologist look for the better intricacies of skin cancer and improve the precision of their clinical diagnosis.

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