Climate change has a negative impact on agriculture due to the unpredictability of weather events. Ag weather monitoring capabilities allow farmers to take timely measures to protect their crops. Moreover, monitoring apps and software saves resources and reduces harm to the environment. In this article, you can learn how everyday and extreme weather conditions affect crops, modern weather forecasting, and analytics solutions. You will also find information about the innovative technologies used for accurate weather monitoring and its primary and additional benefits.
Impact of weather on crops
Weather changes are not new to farmers but something they face from season to season. However, climate change is making itself felt, and additional efforts are needed to overcome challenges. In the spring, during heavy rains, floods are the main threat to the crop. Water rolling through the fields mixes the seed with the soil, making harvest locations unpredictable for farmers. Agribusiness suffers severe losses due to floods. In addition to floods, early frosts also damage agriculture, which prevents crops from ripening.
Applying sustainable farming practices helps farmers adapt to new conditions and increase productivity. Furthermore, weather monitoring technologies can mitigate the effects of hazardous weather conditions. It is possible thanks to weather forecasting software and data.
Most weather monitoring solutions are data-driven. It applies to regular weather forecasts and extreme weather warnings, as both significantly impact crops. IoT weather stations provide ample opportunities for weather forecasting and data collection using artificial intelligence. This technology allows farms to store and process countless datasets. It ensures preparedness for any changes in weather conditions, timely response, and the ability to move forward with climate change management initiatives.
The most critical weather data for agriculture are temperature, rainfall, wind, humidity, and barometric pressure. Temperature readings give an idea of the conditions in which crops are grown. Wind speed and direction data warn farmers of an impending storm. It is possible to predict weather changes, having received information about air pressure. Moisture, in turn, is a crucial indicator for efficient water use.
Up-to-date weather monitoring platforms collect all this data and make it available from any device. You can customize the software or application dashboard in the way that suits you and get the most crucial information and analytics visualizations to help you make the most effective decisions. Intelligent weather dashboards also provide the ability to quantify changes over time and track historical data for patterns. In addition, you can get data from other farms from open sources and track the impact of changes in weather conditions on specific areas of the field using sensors.
Benefits of weather conditions monitoring
Using various software and applications to monitor weather conditions, you can not only track multiple parameters but also better understand the benefits of weather data. The technologies you use also allow you to improve the management of pests and diseases, prevent their occurrence, and discourage the spread. In addition, the data obtained makes it possible to identify patterns and historical trends that affect the yield.
IoT technologies offer more accurate data collection, which helps to reduce the cost of various resources, including water and fertilizers. Precise data also enhances forecasting capabilities and makes it more natural to take timely measures to protect crops. Time and labor savings are also crucial benefits, as farmers can monitor changes remotely and make efficient planning decisions for different operations in the field.
Top Startups Weather Analytics
Wikilimo is a UK-based startup that provides hyper-local weather analytics solution for agriculture — AGRI SMART. The weather forecast, including precipitation and temperature readings and historical data, plays an essential role in planning field activities. Hyperlocal weather analytics solutions provide a more accurate forecast than publicly available sources. This feature gives farmers more valuable and accurate information to help them make effective decisions.
AGRI SMART provides high-resolution satellite imagery and weather sensor data. It also provides site-specific rainfall forecasts and alerts so that the farmers can make a practical irrigation plan. Using this information allows farmers to conserve water. This product also provides the ability to detect pests using weather data.
HD Rain is a startup from France that offers sensors to measure precipitation. The startup also uses a sensor network that measures the effect of rain on waves emanating from TV satellites. A machine learning algorithm processes this data to measure and accurately predict precipitation 2 hours ahead. HD Rain is an easy-to-maintain solution for a reasonable price that gives farmers an accurate precipitation forecast and conserves resources.
Having received information about precipitation, farmers can plan the application of pesticides, irrigation of crops, fertilizers, and much more. In addition, rainfall data makes it possible to reduce the negative impact of agriculture on the environment since the introduction of various chemicals into the soil before rainfall can lead to water pollution.