Ghana’s banking sector is dominated by private companies, with the government only holding onto just a few vital industry-leading banks. Foreign banks comfortably take a good part of this tremendous private sector participation in Ghana’s banking sector.
The recent banking sector reform by Bank of Ghana saw a lot of Ghanaian owned banks halting operations, merging with other banks or downsizing to Savings and Loans companies. Foreign banks in Ghana also had their fair share of the challenges, as most of them had to fall back on their external partners to meet the new minimum capital reserve requirement imposed by the Bank of Ghana.
Though foreign banks in Ghana, to some extent, felt the shakeup in the Ghanaian banking system, they seem to be the least affected party when compared with Ghanaian owned banks. Several foreign banks in Ghana also had to merge to meet the new minimum capital reserve requirement, while others like Bank of Baroda(Ghana) had to close operations in Ghana.
A typical example of the foreign bank in Ghana who merged was the merger between First Atlantic Bank, and Energy Bank. Here is a list of the rest of these foreign banks in Ghana, who are still dominating Ghana’s banking sector.
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Absa Bank Ghana Limited
Barclays Bank of Ghana Limited was recently rebranded to Absa Bank Ghana Limited. The bank is one of the oldest banks in Ghana, and its existence spans as far back as 1917 when Ghana was still under colonial rule.
Absa bank has gone through several rebranding processes. It started as Colonial Bank but later became Barclays Bank after merging with Anglo-Egyptian Bank and the National Bank of South Africa. Absa bank’s majority shareholder, Barclays Bank Plc, divested its 62.3% shares in Barclays Africa Group, reducing it to 14.9%.
Access Bank (Ghana) Plc
Access Bank, a subsidiary of Nigeria’s Access Bank Group is a commercial bank, which has been operational in Ghana since 2009. The bank has a universal banking license from the Bank of Ghana and currently offers a wide range of banking services in its numerous branches across Ghana.
Bank of Africa Ghana Limited
Bank of Africa Ghana Limited (BOA) is a private financial service company owned by Bank of Africa Group, Mali. Formerly known as Amalbank, it rebranded to Bank of Africa (Ghana) in 2011. The bank has been operating in Ghana for over 20 years.
Bank of Africa currently operates over 23 branches in Ghana, and it was valued to be worth US$ 276 in total assets as of 2015.
EcoBank Ghana limited
EcoBank Ghana limited came into operation in Ghana after EcoBank Transitional (now EcoBank) acquired 100% interest in the then The Trust Bank, which was a commercial bank. The Trust Bank was later merged with EBG, giving birth to EcoBank Ghana limited.
EcoBank Ghana limited is now fully functional commercial bank with over 77 branches across Ghana. The bank’s total assets as of 2016 were valued at GHS 8.06 billion.
First Atlantic Bank
The current First Atlantic Bank is merged with Energy Bank Ghana. When the Bank of Ghana raised the minimum capital reserve from Ghs 120 million to Ghs 400 million, First Atlantic Bank could not raise the new sum all by itself. Therefore, First Atlantic Bank merged with Energy Bank to increase its capital reserve to the tune of Ghs 400 million.
The two banks after merging succeeded in surpassing Bank of Ghana’s minimum capital requirement. First Atlantic Bank had assets valued at over GHS 2.42 billion in 2019. However, the banks did not rebrand, as they both decided to maintain the name, First Atlantic Bank (Ghana) Limited.
The new First Atlantic Bank currently has 41 branches, 65 ATMs, and 260 points of sale (POS) devices nationwide.
First National Bank Ghana
First National Bank Ghana is currently in the process of merging with an indigenous bank, Ghana Home Loan Bank (GHLB). The subsidiary of First National Bank (South Africa), entirely with the help of its foreign partners, was able to meet the new minimum capital reserve requirement of the Bank of Ghana.
However, Ghana Home Loan Bank (GHLB) was unable to do the same on its own, so they proposed a merger or a buyout to First National Bank Ghana. First National Bank Ghana then decided to buy out 100% shares of Ghana Home Loan Bank (GHLB). First National Bank Ghana began operations in 2015.
Guaranty Trust Bank Ghana Limited
Guaranty Trust Bank Ghana Limited, popularly known as GTBank, is a subsidiary of the Nigerian multinational bank, Guaranty Trust Bank Plc. GTBank started operations in Ghana in 2016 when it gained its universal banking license from the Bank of Ghana. The bank now operates 32 branches across.
Societe Generale Ghana
Societe Generale Ghana is a subsidiary of the French multinational investment bank and financial services company, Société Générale. The bank started operating in Ghana in 1975 but has gone through multiple rebranding processes ever since then.
The bank began as Security Guarantee Trust Limited but rebranded the following year to Social Security Bank Limited. It later became Société Générale – Social Security Bank(SG-SSB) after the Government of Ghana divested its 21% shares in the bank, and Société Générale acquired 51% of the shares. The bank rebranded to its present name, Societe Generale Ghana to conform with its group name, Société Générale.
Societe Generale Ghana currently operates 38 branches across Ghana, with a total asset worth of over 1,088 million as of 2012. In 2011, the bank was noted to be the 5th largest bank in Ghana in terms of assets.
Stanbic Bank is a subsidiary of the South African financial services group, Standard Bank Group. The bank was named Stanbic Bank instead of Standard Bank [as its parent bank suggests] to avoid any conflict of identity with Standard Chartered Bank, its British former parent bank already operating in Africa. Stanbic Bank currently operates in over 12 African countries.
Standard Chartered Bank Ghana
Standard Chartered Bank is one of the oldest banks in Ghana, started operations in 1896. The public financial company is an 80% subsidiary of the British multinational banking and financial services company, Standard Chartered. Also, Standard Chartered Bank Ghana took over the operations of Bank of British West Africa in Ghana. The bank is officially known in Ghana as Standard Chartered Bank Ghana Limited, and it is listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange.
United Bank for Africa
United Bank for Africa(UBA) PLC, listed as a commercial bank by the Central bank of Nigeria, is a pan African financial service group. UBA Ghana is a subsidiary of this company. The bank started operations in Ghana in 2005 and currently has 28 branches and 58 ATMs across Ghana.
UBA Ghana’s parent company has its operations spread across over 20 African countries, with total assets of US$ 14.6 billion as of 2019.
Zenith Bank (Ghana) Limited
Zenith Bank (Ghana) is a subsidiary of the Nigerian and Anglophone West Africa financial service provider, Zenith Bank, licensed by the Central Bank of Nigeria. The bank has operations in three other African countries, including Nigeria – the headquarters, Sierra Leone and The Gambia. They also have subsidiaries in the United Kingdom and the United Arab Emirates as well as an office in China.
FBN Bank Ghana Limited
First Bank of Nigeria Limited is a multinational bank from Nigeria. Currently known as the biggest bank in Nigeria, the bank started operations in Ghana in 2013 after it entirely bought out International Commercial Bank (ICB), took over its operations in Ghana, and rebranded it to FBNBank Ghana Limited. FBN Bank Ghana Limited currently has 17 branches and two agencies across the country.