Mobile network quality is a thing that fluctuates from place to place. Depending on where you live or are located — at any particular point in time — you’d either swear on how good or bad the network is; depending on your experience.
We’ve all had the fluctuating network experience at some point. Depending on the network quality in a community; some people have had to change their primary internet service provider due to this issue.
In this article, we’ll take a look at some of the factors that account for the fluctuations in network quality whenever you switch locations.

Read more: Meaning and impact of spectrum in telecommunications.

Why mobile network quality fluctuates

Mobile network quality is dependent on cell reception within a coverage area. There are  several factors that decide this; two of which have been listed below.

Infrastructural investment

Infrastructural investment refers to the frequency of the cell towers serving a coverage area. More often, telecom service providers only establish their presence in sparsely populated areas with just a few reception masts to ensure continuity in a coverage area.
Until the settlement expands to an extent where it becomes a sizable community, telecommunications companies would not make it a priority to have the network expanded to cater for the settlers adequately. Consider it this way; you won’t open an outlet of your business in a place that does not have the numbers when it comes to human resource. Right?
In the same manner, telecommunications companies would not pour millions into putting up equipment in communities where protection of their asset, as well as maintenance and return on investment, cannot be assured within an expected timeframe.

Economic viability

This is related to the previous point. Have you ever wondered why the National Theatre and International Conference Centre among some major state facilities are situated in Accra and not some town elsewhere? It’s because of the likelihood of the locals to patronize the facility due to their economic status.
Telecom service operators like to put their best foot forward — even if they intend serving an entire country. In localities that host an enclave of corporate institutions’ offices, the service is going to be top-notch because they’d want to have all these organizations becoming part of their client list.
You may be aware that even state corporations such as ECG and Ghana Water have locations or communities whose inhabitants are sometimes described as ‘lifeline users’. These are the people whose utility usage is subsidized by the state because of their economic status.
For the telcos, however, being private profit-inclined entities means that they can’t make investments where there won’t be tangible returns. So whenever you are in a community where the mobile network quality is not so good, keep in mind that these are some of the factors that come into play to decide why you’re unable to experience the fast 4G internet speeds you’re used to enjoying elsewhere.

In conclusion

As stated earlier and in some previous articles, the telcos invest a lot into the infrastructure that runs their networks. Telecom service providers are concerned about the security of their equipment. In times past, people used to steal the batteries that power some of these communication masts.
Mobile network quality is dependent on more than just the two factors stated in this article. However, these are the driving forces that determine whether a particular location would give you the best internet browsing and voice call experience, or if you’d have to endure slow kilobytes of download speeds.
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