ENT Specialists undergo training to perform diagnosis and treatment of both genetic and acquired diseases. Genetic diseases refer to defects by birth. Acquired ENT diseases may include hearing impairment, tinnitus (ringing sounds in your ear), ear pain, or balance organ disorders. ENT doctors can treat both severe and straightforward conditions. They also address chronic sinusitis, an inflammation of the nasal passages, which is amongst the most common ENT issues. Throat ENT specialist annually diagnoses an overwhelming 35 million patients with chronic sinusitis.
It is unique to the ENT discipline that they are both physicians and surgeons. They are qualified to conduct complex surgical procedures like FESS (Functional Endoscopic Sinus surgery). FESS is amongst the main techniques for mitigating the symptoms of rhinitis and sinusitis.ENT care also includes the treatment of deviated septum and nasal polyps; both conditions can obstruct your air pathways. Even some cosmetic procedures like rhinoplasty call for a visit to an ENT doctor.
About 24 million Americans suffer from dust and food allergies. When these patients visit an allergist, ENT specialists work in coordination with them to relieve allergy symptoms. According to a news report by NY Times, seasonal allergies lead to 40% of chronic rhinitis cases. Sometimes, a few patients don’t respond to standard allergy treatments. Allergists refer them to ENT doctors for immunotherapy. ENTs train those patients to become less allergic by exposing them to small quantities of allergens.

Highly focused ENT training

ENTs undergo specialized training. They work as interns after attending medical schools, just like other medical students. That is only the beginning of their medical training journey. They receive additional medical training of five years followed by a national certification exam. Finally, they get the dual certification of surgeons and medical doctors.
Since they get training in performing surgeries, if you need any surgery, the same ENT specialist can perform the procedure, who initially diagnosed you and is familiar to you.
After getting so much training, some ENT doctors choose to specialize further. They undergo further training when they specialize in allergy, otolaryngology, audiology, and facial/ reconstructive surgery. Remember that when you visit an ENT doctor, you might be meeting a medical specialist who has attended several years of highly specialized training.

Throat conditions that an ENT doctor treats

ENT doctors can treat all conditions related to the ear, nose, throat, and neck, but we will discuss only the throat and neck conditions in this article.


GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease) may seem to be a disease related to internal medicine, but an ENT doctor treats it. GERD refers to a condition where digestive acids, enzymes, and bile comes back via your esophagus. It can damage your esophagus lining and lead to intense pain. Anywhere from 25 to 40% of Americans face this reflux problem. An ENT specialist can provide you relief from GERD symptoms and save your esophagus from any further damage.

Tonsil and Adenoid Infections

You can usually find these infections in children. If your child gets an occasional sore throat or a seasonal illness, it is not much of a problem. It is time to take action when such infections turn chronic. The ENT specialists have the requisite skills to diagnose, treat and even do the surgery if required. The ENT doctor can surgically remove the infected tonsils and adenoids, enabling your kids to go back to school and enjoy everyday life.

Vocal Cord Conditions

The ENT doctors can diagnose and treat vocal cord problems, including hoarseness, vocal cord lesions, and laryngopharyngeal reflux. Remember that vocal polyps are not the same as cancer. However, your ENT doctor can treat both polyps and cancer patients.


Undiagnosed and uncontrolled allergies can lead to issues of sore throat and hoarseness in the voice. A drip from your nose, which is always unnoticeable, leads to a tickling sensation in your throat. An ENT specialist can quickly recognize any allergy problems in your throat. The doctor can diagnose such allergic conditions and recommend a suitable allergy control program.

Search for ENT Treatment

Whenever you suffer from any throat issues like hoarseness, reflux, chronic sore throat, or difficulties in swallowing, get in touch with your nearest ENT doctor. You don’t have to suffer. Take an appointment today for proper treatment.
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