With the development of automation, the possibility of human error in creating different types of software is cut down significantly. Automation improves quality and makes the entire process more time-efficient.

What Happens in Software Development

Software construction goes through multiple levels of development before it becomes usable computer programs for the consumers. Essentially, software development starts with the initial stage of conception; the viability of the product is measured even before the team starts to work on its design and other features.
If it is indeed viable, the idea takes on a rough sketch through intense analysis and eventually takes form as the team designs its technical specifications and requirements. When the foundations of the software are decided, it is time to code.
Front-end and back-end developers work on codes to accomplish the specifications. They work between themselves and with others to cross-check if everything is in place. After this, the most arduous part comes to play, it is time to test the code.
Testing the code means checking the functionality of the software. The team checks if the code runs smoothly and looks out for bugs or malfunctions in the process. The goal of this stage of development is to make sure that there are no mistakes in the development.
However, mistakes and lapses are bound to happen especially when strings of data are manually inputted and encoded by people who have been bound to their desks for long hours. Simply put, it is inevitable and that is why testing is an essential part of the development process.

The Benefits of Automation

Aside from the obvious benefit of automation and which is reducing production time and increasing quality, there are several other reasons why automation should be a fixture in software development.

Saves Money

As lesser time and resources are spent on testing the product, automation essentially saves a chunk of the developer’s funds. The resources that are usually allocated for testing can then be channelled to the other stages of the development.
The advent of automation also opened the way for more developers to start on their own projects and use any of the available test automation platforms online. You may have to cash out when you start using some of these platforms, but the cost is significantly less than what you were cashing out pre-automation. There are also free options which will surely help you save a lot.
Simply put, automation made software development more accessible for smaller-scale and starting developers.

Facilitates performance testing

This testing checks the software for its speed, functionality stability and other things. This will help determine how happy your customers will react to your software. Performance testing also helps iron out bugs and other issues within the software.

Reusable

In selecting an automation tool to buy, make sure to choose the one that is applicable for several of your software development projects. Make your purchase worth it. The versatility and utility of automation platform suites are some of the reasons why automation is becoming a staple in software development.
If you decide to create an automation suite for a particular project, then it’s perfectly fine. Better, even. Creating your own takes on the longer and more taxing road, but it bears fruit in the end. You know how to tweak it to configure it for other projects. And if you decide to create another suite for another software, then it will be easier.
This aspect of automation supports the previously claimed benefit of being cost-efficient. Even if a single suite is not the one for everything, it is easier to tweak it, than to begin from scratch again. Utilizing it saves time, energy, and other resources.

In-depth Testing

Before imploring the use of automation, the testing stage in software development is time-consuming and ego-depleting. It demands focus and next-level critical thinking to go through all the possibilities that the software might turn into. But try as they might, developers might miss out on some possibilities, might forget some nooks and crannies because of its expanse.
Using automation suites limits and decreases the possibility of forgetting to check a particular code or sequence. It can easily conduct exploratory tests and other types of automated testing, according to the need.
As long as the feeded code is complete and the instructions are clear and precise, the testing will come out as in-depth and fully comprehensive. It will also take a much shorter time than when manually done.

Marketable

Placing your footing in the market is a tad bit difficult when you join the game late. With the use of automation, testing is cut short, ultimately, breezing through it, and then it’s time for the software to join the existing market. Taking one step closer to the end-users as compared to the competitors. You have more time to market your software to the targeted population.

Types of Automated Testing

Just like how software varies according to the consumer’s needs, automated testing also varies according to the developer’s needs.

1. Unit Testing

Also often considered as the first stage of testing, unit testing basically tests individual units of the software. Either the developer or the unit tester can code the units and test them out. It’s like testing the initial building blocks of the software.

2. Smoke Testing

Smoke indicates something is burning, right? In a similar manner, smoke testing sees to it if there are lapses or mishaps in the essential features of the software. The test follows the smoke trails to see the real damage that causes it. Essentially, it tests if the software is already stable enough to build on more.

3. Functional Testing

Just as the name indicates, functional testing tests the overall functionality of the software. It tests the essential features, such as the interface, security, database, and APIs.

4. Integration Testing

Modules in the software or application are formed and then tested logically. Integration testing aims to verify the data communication between the modules. This checks if the software works smoothly.

5. Regression Testing

Another type of automated testing is regression testing. This test is done when a new feature is added to existing software. It aims to see if the new addition does not affect the existing flow of the software.

6. Black Box Testing

Also known as behavioural testing, black box tests focus on the input and output that are solely based on the specific requirements of the software. The features and overall functionality of the software are tested blindly. This means that the test is conducted without the knowledge of an internal code structure, implementation details, and internal paths.

Key Takeaways

Software development isn’t easy. It requires intense and thorough planning together with skills that require years upon years of experience. The development of automated testing and automation, in general, is godsent for the entire process.
It makes the entire process time-efficient. It also takes off a considerable load from the shoulders of the developers. Whether you build an automation suite from scratch or buy it from other developers, it produces the same desired effect.
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