Argumentative writing is one of the types of research work, allowing you to consider a specific problem from different standpoints. In other words, it is a literary work (coherent text), that is written on a controversial topic. This kind of paperwork defends a particular thesis, concerning which it is possible to give arguments of pros and cons.

Purposes of essay writing

The purpose of this task is to develop the skills of independent creative thinking and writing out your thoughts. Such work is extremely useful because it allows the author to learn how to clearly and correctly formulate his thoughts, structure the information, use the main categories of analysis, highlight cause-effect relations, justify concepts with appropriate examples, the reason the conclusions; master the scientific style of writing.

Purposes of an argumentative essay:

  1. To convince the audience in a particular aspect and to persuade it to take the side of the author (herewith much attention is paid to the opposite position).
  2. To formulate clearly why this position is preferable, and not the other one.

The author, during the writing of an essay, conducts a kind of internal dialogue (evaluating statements, proofs and support, assumptions, hidden arguments and internal contradictions) and comes to the fact that one point of view becomes preferable, while the rest of the people can disagree with it.

Key features of argumentative writing 

A key feature of the argumentative essay is its structure. It consists of four parts: introduction, presentation of the thesis, expectation of objection and conclusion.
In the pre-preparatory part, it is needed to determine what information to include, on whom to refer, how to interpret the facts, what methodology to choose.

  1. Introduction – the essence and rational justification of the choice of a subject. At this stage, you have to correctly formulate the question to which you are going to find the answer. In the introduction, you can write a general phrase to the reasoning or interpretation of the main term of the topic or use a paraphrase (the main idea of the statement). In this part of essay you need to use two points:
  • Introductory statement (acquaintance to a subject, its background, the purpose of the study) using known techniques (unusual statement, interesting quotation, surprising statistical data, etc.)
  • The thesis statement (the position to be argued). You need to specify the number of arguments and their volume.
  1. Presentation of the thesis – the central part of the essay, in which the arguments are presented in favor of the chosen position. The most common way is to name the statements and the facts as a justification. You can also do it vice versa: first a list of facts, and then a conclusion, a consequence (statement).
  • Waiting for objections. Arguing keep in mind that the thesis statement will be more convincing if you provide arguments for an opposite statement as well, having given a critical analysis to it. Next, offer a compromise solution, having conceded in something to a contrary opinion.
  • Conclusion. This part of an essay should show the rationality and validity of the chosen position. To achieve this, the final part of the composition should:
    • generalize the main points of the statement with evidence and examples;
    • re-formulate the thesis to emphasize its meaning (you can literally repeat the wording or rephrase);
    • discuss the perspective of the central thesis;
    • show practical importance;
    • post questions that will help to look at the topic from a new perspective.

    List of 10 things to consider while writing your argumentative essay

    1. Do not overload the essay. When writing, reject words from encyclopedias. Incorrect use of such words distracts the attention of the reader, diminishes the value of your work.
    2. Use reliable Internet sources (e. g. to search for statistical data. Do not use Wikipedia.
    3. Introduction and conclusion should be focused on the problem (you mention it in the introduction and summarize your opinion in conclusion).
    4. You need to write briefly and clearly. The work should not contain anything superfluous. Argument essay persuasive but include only that information which is required for disclosing your position, idea.
    5. 5. Do not hurry with writing the introduction and conclusions. These parts of the essay are considered to be the most important.
    6. 6. Do not write anything that contradicts your beliefs; otherwise, you will destroy the reasoned outline of the essay.
    7. 7. Do not wander from the topic and purpose of the essay. Your text should be built according to the title and the topic that you raise. Do not speak about a problem at great length, unless your idea requires it. Excessively detailed descriptions, even artistic ones, can have a bad effect on you.
    8. Specify the approximate volume of work for the teacher or employer. Write short – teachers are people as well! Two-three pages are usually quite enough to reveal the topic thoroughly.
    9. Divide the text into paragraphs, subheadings, if necessary. Make your text convenient for the reader, even if it is only one person.
    10. Read the text before sending. As a minimum, remove any typos and clerks. Misprints spoil the text and the whole impression of it.

    As you can see, the essay does not have any specific rules for writing. But some recommendations still should be adhered to. Leastwise, if you do not want to order articles from professionals.
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