According to Psychiatry.org, “Anxiety refers to anticipation of a future concern and is more associated with muscle tension and avoidance behavior. Fear is an emotional response to an immediate threat and is more associated with a fight or flight reaction – either staying to fight or leaving to escape danger.” See the major anxiety disorders that you must know:
1. Generalized anxiety disorder: Exaggerated worry and tension even when it is absolutely unnecessary best describes this disorder. It ranges from getting disturbed about relationships, health and career, and so on. The person involved will have no obvious reason to be worried but it often goes out of control and results in a tremendous amount of stress.
2. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: According to PulseNG, this one is caused by recurrent, disturbing thoughts, and repetitive behaviors. These repetitive behaviors like hand washing, cleaning, and counting are mostly performed to prevent obsessive thoughts or to get rid of them entirely. However, it is only a temporary fix and will not take away the anxiety.
3. Panic Disorder: This one is all about shocking and repeated episodes of massive fear alongside physical symptoms like chest pain, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, and so on. To curb it, traditional therapy is required since speaking through your fears will take the sting out of them.
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4. Post-traumatic disorder (PTSD): Soldiers are known to experience this since they are exposed to all kinds of killings. PTSD is an anxiety disorder that is experienced after exposure to a very scary event or situation that even led to harm befalling the victim. These sad events include violent assaults, natural disasters, accidents, war, and so on.
5. Social Anxiety Disorder: This could be the fear of talking in formal or informal situations, eating in front of too many people, or talking before a large crowd. Anyone who finds it hard to make eye contact with others without experiencing fast heartbeat, sweating, stomach problems e.t.c might be battling this disorder.
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