As speculations continue to that 5G technology is connected to the spread of the coronavirus pandemic all across the globe, it pays to be well informed to arrive at a reasonable conclusion. Let’s help with that. Important questions about 5G in Nigeria answered:
1. What exactly is 5G?: 5G is the 5th generation of wireless communications technologies that aid cellular data networks. It is simply an upgrade from the more rampant 4G and is aimed at improving connection, not just between people, but also between machines, objects, and devices.
2. Who owns 5G?: No one owns 5G, however, just like the older generations, companies are allowed to own patents in the tech and this will make them earn royalties from implementers. As per a 2019 Wall Street Journal report, Chinese companies, Huawei and ZTE Corp have tabled more proposals than any other company, so they are one of the biggest owners of vital 5G patents.
3. How is 5G transmitted?: Fibre optic cables are presently the quickest means of transmitting Internet connectivity and 5G tech will use the existing fibre backbone in Nigeria. A telecom service engineer recently said that with 5G devices (small cells) will be installed within short distances of each other as required by a user. Therefore, it looks like 5G will be integrated into the existing Internet framework like the fibre backbone, telecom masts, and 4G technology, and will function as an upgrade to enhance wireless connections.
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4. How many countries have 5G?: Nations like the US, South Korea, the UK, Germany have 5G already in some cities and are currently selling its compatible devices to other nations as well. Analysts have also predicted that 5G will be responsible for 20% of global connections by 2025 and companies such as Huawei, Ericsson, Qualcomm, Samsung, ZTE, Intel and Nokia are presently leading the charge for its mainstream adoption globally.
5. Is 5G in Nigeria?: As at the time I wrote this article, 5G was not in Nigeria. Recently, the Nigerian communications commission even came out to say that no 5G spectrum has been licensed to telcos in the country yet.